Download Pharmakologisches Neuro-Enhancement: Soziale und by Silvio Schwartz PDF

By Silvio Schwartz

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Frauenstudien / Gender-Forschung, word: 2,3, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Veranstaltung: Gehirne und Geschlechter - Auseinandersetzung mit (un)möglichen Unterschieden, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Im Zuge der Untersuchung des menschlichen Gehirns, seiner Struktur und Funktionsweise kommt es zu Begehrlichkeiten: Wie können die Erkenntnisse aus der Neurowissenschaft nutzbar gemacht werden für Anwendungen, die es Menschen erlauben, besser die Leistungsmöglichkeiten ihres Gehirns auszureizen? Konkret geht es dabei um die Entwicklung von sogenannten Neurotechnologien – eine Teildisziplin der Biotechnologien, die technische und pharmakologische Mittel umfasst, die auf die Erkenntnis oder die Beeinflussung des zentralen Nervensystems ausgerichtet sind. Werden sie ohne medizinische Notwendigkeit benutzt, zur Verbesserung menschlicher Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten beizutragen, dann wird dies als „Enhancement“ bezeichnet. Ein „Neuro-Enhancement“ liegt vor, wenn neurotechnische und neuropharmakologische Eingriffe in das Zentrale Nervensystem mit dem Ziel einer Funktionsbeeinflussung bzw. -verbesserung vorgenommen werden.

Es dürfte von Bedeutung sein, dass die Nutzung von heutigen Neuro-Enhancern in beruflichen Kontexten und in Prüfungssituationen aufzufinden ist. Situationen, in denen Leistung abverlangt wird und in denen Wettbewerbsdruck herrscht.

Folgende Hypothese soll daher aufgestellt sein: Die Optimierung des Gehirns der Individuen in den marktwirtschaftlich organisierten Gesellschaften dient vor allem ökonomischen Interessen, durch die die Arbeitskräfte in den globalen Wettkampf von Unternehmen und Staaten eingebunden werden. Das Ziel ist die größtmögliche Effizienz der einzelnen Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeiter und dadurch der gesamten Einrichtung. Dabei werden das Geschlechterverhältnis sowie die Geschlechterbilder verfestigt.

Diese Arbeit will sich dieser those in mehreren Schritten nähern: Zunächst soll die Neurowissenschaft beleuchtet werden, welche Erkenntnisse sie liefert und wer daran beteiligt ist. Danach werden einige Grundlagen zu Neuro-Enhancern geklärt. Dabei wird es in der gesamten Arbeit um Psychopharmaka gehen, da diese bereits verwendet werden und einfach in der Anwendung und Beschaffung sind. Anschließend wird es ihre konkreten Wirkungen auf Mensch und Gesellschaft angesprochen und es werden die damit zusammenhängenden sozialen und ökonomischen Aspekte ausgeführt. Zum Schluss werden einige Zukunftsaussichten zusammen getragen, die mit der Nutzung der Neuro-Enhancer verbunden sind.

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Download Archives of Flesh: African America, Spain, and Post-Humanist by Robert F. Reid-Pharr PDF

By Robert F. Reid-Pharr

Enlists the rules of post-humanist critique with the intention to examine a long time of intimate dialogues among African American and Spanish intellectuals 
 

In Archives of Flesh, Robert Reid-Pharr unearths the deep background of highbrow engagement among African the US and Spain.  Opening a desirable window onto black and anti-Fascist highbrow existence from 1898 in the course of the mid-1950s, Reid-Pharr argues that key associations of Western Humanism, together with American faculties and universities, built in intimate relation to slavery, colonization, and white supremacy.  This retreat to rigidly demonstrated philosophical and demanding traditions can by no means absolutely address—or even totally recognize—the deep-seated hostility to black subjectivity underlying the humanist perfect of a transcendent Manhood.               

Calling for a particularly anti-white supremacist reexamination of the data of black subjectivity and resistance, Reid-Pharr enlists the rules of post-humanist critique so one can examine a long time of intimate dialogues among African American and Spanish intellectuals, together with Salaria Kea, Federico Garcia Lorca, Nella Larsen, Langston Hughes, Richard Wright, Chester Himes, Lynn Nottage, and Pablo Picasso. within the technique Reid-Pharr takes up the “African American Spanish Archive” with a view to withstand the anti-corporeal, anti-black, anti-human biases that stand on the center of Western Humanism. 

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Download Gendered Pasts: Historical Essays in Femininity and by Nancy Forestell,Kathryn McPherson,Cecilia Morgan PDF

By Nancy Forestell,Kathryn McPherson,Cecilia Morgan

It is general this day to indicate that gender is socially built, that the jobs men and women satisfy of their day-by-day lives were created and outlined for them via society and social associations. yet how have women and men negotiated and navigated the gender roles which have been thrust upon them? With Gendered Pasts, Kathryn McPherson, Cecilia Morgan, and Nancy M. Forestell have amassed 11 attractive essays that search to reply to this query in a wide-ranging exploration of particular gendered dimensions of 19th- and twentieth-century Canadian history.

The participants conceal all demeanour of themes relating to gender and historical past throughout Canada, together with: lady vagrancy; playing, ingesting, and intercourse; the function of the miner's spouse; the portrayal of homosexual males; and the sharply outlined function of nurses. strange in its breadth, Gendered Pasts is key to the certainty of a number of the threads and subject matters in Canadian gender history.

Previously released via Oxford college Press.

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Download Gender and Well-Being in Europe: Historical and Contemporary by Lina Gálvez,Bernard, Professor Harris,Helena, Professor PDF

By Lina Gálvez,Bernard, Professor Harris,Helena, Professor Machado

This e-book is the 1st of 4 books in keeping with a sequence of symposia funded by way of price, that's an intergovernmental framework for the promoting of eu Cooperation within the box of medical and Technical examine. It attracts on either ancient and modern eu case-studies to provide a cosmopolitan account of the connection among gender and wellbeing and fitness. The authors concentrate on key discussions of the altering conceptions of future health from early 20th century calculations of the connection among source of revenue and the cost-of-living, to more moderen evaluations from feminist writers. Their attention-grabbing solutions let them considerably problem the difficulty with the concept that health and wellbeing is not just linked to source of revenue or opulence but in addition pertains to extra summary strategies together with features, freedom, and employer of other men and women and should be of substantial curiosity to financial and social historians, sociologists of health and wellbeing, gender, sexuality and economists.

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Download Mama's Boy: Momism and Homophobia in Postwar American by Roel van den Oever PDF

By Roel van den Oever

In postwar the US, the discourse of Momism complex the concept an over-affectionate or too-distant mom hampers the social and psychosexual improvement of her young children, specifically her sons. Deemed worst of all was once the end result of homosexuality, because the interval observed an extreme policing of sexual deviance. van den Oever zooms in on 4 situations of the cultural illustration of Momism: The Grotto, through Grace Zaring Stone, abruptly final summer time, by means of Tennessee Williams, Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho, and Portnoy's criticism, by means of Philip Roth, to provide new remark on canonical texts, a specific second in American tradition, and destiny examining strategies.

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Download Ladies on the Lot: Women, Car Sales, and the Pursuit of the by Helene M. Lawson PDF

By Helene M. Lawson

during this certain and full of life ethnography of girls who promote autos, sociologist Helene M. Lawson and the “ladies at the lot” take readers backstage of 1 of the final bastions of a predominantly male place of work: the auto dealership. Linking the women's personal tales in the broader framework of gender and career, Lawson provides an interesting and demanding case research at the effect of gender modifications and behaviour within the place of work. In doing so, Ladies at the Lot makes an unique contribution to the sphere and may be of curiosity for a large choice of classes, together with gender and occupations, the sociology of labor, the sociology of ladies, and diverse classes in women's reviews and qualitative methods.

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Download Gender, Agency and Change: Anthropological Perspectives by Victoria Goddard PDF

By Victoria Goddard

based on worldwide switch, humans create new possibilities and prerequisites, and of their responses they're stimulated by way of either gender and age. In Gender, organization and Change the participants illustrate the complexities all for the structure and functionality of corporation. Such supplier will be mirrored in ideas of lodging and adaption which could however produce new institutional preparations. however, they're directed in the direction of the outright rejection of those procedures. The circumstances tested during this quantity discover the ways that various matters interact within the reformulation of areas, roles and identities, redefining the limits among, and the content material of, the 'public' and the 'private'. The examples additionally supply an account of ways gendered discourses are deployed to exhibit new meanings, a brand new feel of position and time, confirming or not easy principles of 'tradition' and 'modernity'. This assortment can be of specific curiosity to scholars of anthropology and gender studies.

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Download The Myth of Manliness in Irish National Culture, 1880-1922 by Joseph Valente PDF

By Joseph Valente

This research goals to provide the 1st contextually targeted account of the male gender anxieties and ambivalences haunting the tradition of Irish nationalism within the interval among the Act of Union and the founding of the Irish unfastened kingdom. To this finish, Joseph Valente focuses upon the Victorian ethos of manliness or manhood, the explicit ethical and political good judgment of which proved the most important to either the interpretation of British rule into British hegemony and the expression of Irish uprising as Irish psychomachia. The influential operation of this ideological build is traced via a large choice of contexts, together with the occupation of Ireland's dominant Parliamentary chief, Charles Stewart Parnell; the associations of Irish Revivalism--cultural, academic, journalistic, and literary; the writings of either canonical authors (Yeats, Synge, Gregory, and Joyce) and subcanonical authors (James Stephens, Patrick Pearse, Lennox Robinson); and significant political events of the time, together with suffragism, Sinn Fein, Na Fianna E Éireann, and the Volunteers.

 

The build of manliness is still greatly alive at the present time, underpinning the neo-imperialist marriage of ruthless aggression and the sanctities of accountability, honor, and sacrifice. Mapping its previous colonial and postcolonial formations will help us to appreciate its carrying on with geopolitical allure and danger.

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Download Our Lady of Controversy: Alma López's “Irreverent by Alicia Gaspar de Alba,Alma López PDF

By Alicia Gaspar de Alba,Alma López

Months ahead of Alma López's electronic university Our Lady used to be proven on the Museum of overseas people artwork in 2001, the museum begun receiving offended telephone calls from neighborhood activists and Catholic leaders who demanded that the picture no longer be displayed. Protest rallies, prayer vigils, and demise threats ensued, however the provocative snapshot of los angeles Virgen de Guadalupe (hands on hips, clad simply in roses, and exalted by way of a bare-breasted butterfly angel) remained on exhibition.

Highlighting the various pivotal questions that experience haunted the paintings global because the NEA debacle of 1988, the individuals to Our girl of Controversy present different views, starting from definitions of artwork to the artist's purpose, feminism, queer conception, colonialism, and Chicano nationalism. individuals comprise the exhibition curator, Tey Marianna Nunn; award-winning novelist and Chicana historian Emma Pérez; and Deena González (recognized as one of many fifty most crucial dwelling girls historians in America).

Accompanied through an advantage DVD of Alma López's I Love Lupe video that appears on the Chicana creative culture of reimagining los angeles Virgen de Guadalupe, that includes a historical dialog among Yolanda López, Ester Hernández, and Alma López, Our woman of Controversy gives you to ignite vital new dialogues.

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